October 31, 2014

Section 3.00 – Diving Equipment

3.10 GENERAL POLICY

3.10.1 All equipment shall meet standards as determined by the Diving Safety Officer and the Diving Control Board. Equipment that is subjected to extreme usage under adverse conditions should require more frequent testing and maintenance.

3.10.2 All equipment shall be regularly examined by the person using it.

3.20 EQUIPMENT

3.21 Regulators

3.21.1 Approval. Only those makes and models specifically approved by the Diving Safety Officer and the Diving Control Board shall be used.

3.21.2 Inspection and testing. Scuba regulators shall be inspected and tested prior to first use and every twelve months thereafter.

3.21.3 Regulators will consist of a primary second stage and an alternate air source (such as an octopus second stage or redundant air supply).

3.22 Breathing Masks and Helmets

Breathing masks and helmets shall have:

3.22.1 A non-return valve at the attachment point between helmet or mask hose, which shall close readily and positively.

3.22.2 An exhaust valve.

3.22.3 A minimum ventilation rate capable of maintaining the diver at the depth to which he/she is diving.

3.23 Scuba Cylinders

3.23.1 Scuba cylinders shall be designed, constructed, and maintained in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Unfired Pressure Vessel Safety Orders.

3.23.2 Scuba cylinders must be hydrostatically tested in accordance with DOT standards.

3.23.3 Scuba cylinders must have an internal inspection at intervals not to exceed twelve months.

3.23.4 Scuba cylinder valves shall be functionally tested at intervals not to exceed twelve months.

3.24 Backpacks and harnesses

Backpacks without integrated flotation devices, and weight systems, shall have a quick release device designed to permit jettisoning with a single motion from either hand.

3.25 Gauges

Gauges shall be inspected and tested before first use and every twelve months thereafter.

3.26 Flotation Devices

3.26.1 Each diver shall have the capability of achieving and maintaining positive buoyancy.

3.26.2 Personal flotation systems, buoyancy compensators, dry suits, or other variable volume buoyancy compensation devices shall be equipped with an exhaust valve.

3.26.3 These devices shall be functionally inspected and tested at intervals not to exceed twelve months.

3.27 Timing Devices, Depth and Pressure Gauges

Each diver must have an underwater timing device, an approved depth indicator, and a submersible pressure gauge.

3.28 Determination of Decompression Status: Dive Tables and Computers

3.28.1 A set of diving tables, approved by the Diving Control Board, must be available at the dive location.

3.28.2 Exception: Dive computers, approved by the Diving Control Board, may be utilized in place of diving tables (see Appendix 11 for AAUS recommendations on dive computers).

3.30 AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT

3.31 Hand Held Underwater Power Tools

Electrical tools and equipment used underwater shall be specifically approved for this purpose. Electrical tools and equipment supplied with power from the surface shall be de-energized before being placed into or retrieved from the water. Hand held power tools shall not be supplied with power from the dive location until requested by the diver.

3.40 SUPPORT EQUIPMENT

3.41 First Aid Supplies

A first aid kit and emergency oxygen shall be available.

3.42 Diver’s Flag

A diver’s flag shall be displayed prominently whenever diving is conducted under circumstances where required or where water traffic is probable.

3.43 Campus Controlled Compressor Systems

The following will be considered in design and location of compressor systems:

3.43.1 Low pressure compressors used to supply air to the diver if equipped with a volume tank shall have a check valve on the inlet side, a relief valve, and a drain valve.

3.43.2 Compressed air systems over 500 psig shall have slow-opening shut-off valves.

3.43.3 All air compressor intakes shall be located away from areas containing exhaust or other contaminants.

3.44 Oxygen Systems

3.44.1 Equipment used with oxygen or mixtures containing over forty percent (40%) by volume oxygen shall be designed and maintained for oxygen service.

3.44.2 Components exposed to oxygen or mixtures containing over forty percent (40%) by volume oxygen shall be cleaned of flammable materials before being placed into service.

3.44.3 Oxygen systems over 125 psig shall have slow-opening shut-off valves.

3.50 EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE

3.51 Recordkeeping

Each equipment modification, repair, test, calibration, or maintenance service shall be logged, including the date and nature of work performed, serial number of the item, and the name of the person performing the work for the following equipment:

3.51.1 Regulators

3.51.2 Submersible pressure gauges

3.51.3 Depth gauges

3.51.4 Scuba cylinders

3.51.5 Cylinder valves

3.51.6 Diving helmets

3.51.7 Submersible breathing masks

3.51.8 Compressors

3.51.9 Gas control panels

3.51.10 Air storage cylinders

3.51.11 Air filtration systems

3.51.12 Analytical instruments

3.51.13 Buoyancy control devices

3.51.14 Dry suits

3.52 Compressor Operation and Air Test Records

3.52.1 Gas analyses and air tests shall be performed on each campus-controlled breathing air compressor at regular intervals of no more than 100 hours of operation or six months, whichever occurs first. The results of these tests shall be entered in a formal log.

3.52.2 A log shall be maintained showing operation, repair, overhaul, filter maintenance, and temperature adjustment for each compressor.

3.60 AIR QUALITY STANDARDS

Breathing air for scuba shall meet the following specifications as set forth by the Compressed Gas Association (CGA Pamphlet G-7.1) and referenced in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134.

CGA Grade E

Component Maximum

Oxygen 20 – 22%/v

Carbon Monoxide 10 PPM/v

Carbon Dioxide 500 PPM/v

Condensed Hydrocarbons 5 mg/m3

Water Vapor NS

Objectionable Odors None