National Climate Assessment Released

May 6th, 2014 @

The US Global Change Research Program today released the National Climate Assessment. The Assessment summarizes the impacts of climate change on the United States. Ecosystems Center Distinguished Scientist Jerry Melillo chaired the 60-member Federal Advisory Committee that produced the report. The Assessment was produNCA-cover-thumb-smallced by a team of more than 300 experts and was extensively reviewed by the public and experts, including the National Academy of Sciences.

The Assessment unequivocally states that climate change is happening now. The U.S. and the world are warming, global sea level is rising, and some types of extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and more severe. These changes have already resulted in a wide range of impacts across every region of the Nation, its ecosystems and many sectors of the economy.

Links to highlights and the full document are available at http://www.globalchange.gov/

MBL Press Release

White House Event on the National Climate Assessment Release

Jerry Melillo is Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

May 5th, 2014 @

Jerry Melillo, Distinguished Scientist and Director Emeritus at the Ecosystems Center, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Election to the Academy recognizes distinguished and continuing achievements in original research, and is widely considered a mark of excellence in science. It is considered one of the highest honors a scientist can attain.

Melillo, who is also a professor at Brown University through the Brown-MBL Partnership, was one of 84 new members and 21 foreign associates of the NAS to be announced this week. Thirteen other MBL-affiliated scientists, listed below, were also elected to the Academy this week, including Timothy Mitchison of Harvard Medical School, a visiting investigator and chair of the MBL’s Science Council. In addition, four University of Chicago faculty members were elected to the Academy this week.

“I am thrilled that Jerry’s groundbreaking work, along with his significant national service, has been recognized by his election to the National Academy,” said MBL President and Director Joan Ruderman. “For more than four decades, Jerry and his team have been leading the way in understanding earth systems, and bringing the best scientific information available to national and international policy makers as they seek ways to enable our society to adapt to a changing climate.”

Read the full article

Hot Issues in Climate Change Research to be Debated at AAAS Annual Meeting

February 12th, 2014 @

MBL Ecosystems Center Distinguished Scientist Jerry Melillo, chair of the federal advisory committee preparing the Third National Climate Assessment.

The “big issues” in climate change science have shifted over the past 4 to 6 years, with several difficult problems resolved while new research challenges rose to the fore. Scientists who are leading advisors on climate change to federal and international policymakers will examine the state-of-the-science in “Research Challenges in Climate Change: What’s New and Where are We Going?” on Feb. 14 at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting in Chicago.

“The session will be very forward looking. What we would like to do better to serve both science and the public in addressing climate change?” says co-organizer Jerry Melillo, distinguished scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass., and chair of the federal advisory committee that prepared the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment (NCA) for release this spring.

The panel will offer a scientific reckoning of issues resolved and uncovered in preparing the NCA over the past four years, as well as the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), released in late 2013. The NCA details climate change impacts in United States regions and sectors, while the IPCC’s assessment is global.

Read the entire MBL Press Release here.

 

NSF symposium addresses the long view of environmental change: Ecological scenarios

January 30th, 2014 @
Photo 1 Gus measuring soilmoisture at the Sagavanirtok river burn site

Gus Shaver measures soil moisture at the Sagavanirtok river burn site

 

Like all of us, scientists think in scenarios: If this happened, what then?

Results of their efforts to understand and anticipate global environmental changes through the process of scenario thinking and ecological forecasting are the topic of the annual National Science Foundation (NSF) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Mini-Symposium.

The forum will be held on Friday, Feb. 21, 2014, at NSF headquarters in Arlington, Va.

Presentations, including one by Ecosystems Center senior scientist Gaius Shaver who is the lead PI of the Arctic LTER, will address social and ecological change; ecosystem vulnerability, resilience and adaptability; and why long-term data are essential to understanding and predicting future responses to natural and human-caused environmental changes.

Results from scenario-thinking and simulations will be presented for ecosystems from forests to lakes to the open ocean.

From NSF Media Advisory 14-001

Anne Giblin Named 2013 AAAS Fellow

December 3rd, 2013 @

Giblin_AAAS

Anne E. Giblin, a senior scientist at the MBL Ecosystems Center has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world’s largest general scientific society, and publisher of the journal, Science.  Giblin was elected for distinguished contributions to the field of biogeochemistry, especially relating to nitrogen and sulfur cycling in sediments and soils from both freshwater and marine environments. Election as an AAAS Fellow is an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their peers.

Full story on the MBL News Blog

Environmental Impacts of Agriculture Expansion in Amazon

November 26th, 2013 @
A decade ago, Brazil was losing an area of rainforest about the size of Massachusetts each year to cattle pasture and croplands. Recently, deforestation has slowed because agriculture is intensifying and allowing farmers to produce more crops on the same land. Nowhere is this more evident than in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, where large soybean farms now stretch to the horizon across an area almost the size of Maine. More >>

Staying Alive in the High and Dry: How Plants in Arid Lands Gain Nutrients to Survive

November 12th, 2013 @
The vast sagebrush landscapes of the western United States are one of the largest ecosystems in North America. Long, cold winters and hot, dry summers characterize these cold desert ecosystems and create bone-dry soils during seasonal droughts. New research published this week from MBL (Marine Biological Laboratory) senior scientist Zoe Cardon, John Stark (Utah State University), and their two former students, sheds light on how desert plants gain nutrients they desperately need—even in the driest circumstances. More >>

Brown Students Visit WBNERR

November 11th, 2013 @
Brown students visit research the Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve as part of the annual Brown-MBL Partnership Retreat on November 8. Students visited a salt marsh where Ecosystems Center Assistant Scientist Jim Tang studies how sea level rise will alter marsh carbon storage and emissions of greenhouse gases. Ecosystems Center Research Assistant Jordan Mora led the tour.

Renovations Begin at Marshview Field Station

November 5th, 2013 @

The Ecosystems Center was recently awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Field Station and Marine Laboratory renovation grant to improve our Marshview Field Station which is the field site of the Plum Island Estuary Long Term Ecological Research (PIE-LTER) project located on the Parker River in Newburyport, MA. The $344,000 grant led by senior scientist Anne Giblin will provide key infrastructure improvements to the field station that will increase its laboratory capacity and provide modern field lab facilities as well as make key improvements in the barn to accommodate the PIE-LTER internet server.

History of the Field Station
The MBL began research in the watersheds and estuaries around Plum Island Sound in 1992 and became an LTER site in 1998. From 1994-2003 the PIE-LTER operated solely out of a very small space in Rowley rented from the Essex County Greenbelt. This space consisted of a small house with 2 bedrooms and a small basement area that is mostly used for storage of equipment. The 2001 NSF-LTER review team felt these facilities were inadequate and strongly recommended that the PIE-LTER procure additional facilities to support the research program. In response, the Marshview Farm was acquired and established as the Marshview Field Station by the MBL in 2003. The 2007 review team felt that the “expansion of the originally constrained scientific and logistical facilities have been effectively addressed through the purchase of the Marshview Farm which will meet most of their future field support needs if further alterations and upgrading of both the house and the adjoining barn facilities can be accomplished.” We now have the funds necessary to make these key infrastructure improvements so that our facilities can accommodate our increasing research portfolio.

Senator Warren Visits The Ecosystems Center

September 10th, 2013 @

US Senator Elizabeth Warren visited the MBL on August 2 and toured the Ecosystems Center as part of her visit.  Director Christopher Neill and Distinguished Scientist Jerry Melillo briefed her on the center's environmental and global change research.

Sen

Dr. Melillo discussed the comprehensive effort by the US Global Change Research Program’s National Climate Assessment team, which he chairs, to identify climate change impacts and adaptations in our region and across the nation.

Dr. Neill described the center's role in identifying the damaging consequences of nitrogen runoff to coastal waters, and how center scientists have moved beyond the science of identifying coastal nitrogen pollution toward rigorous evaluation of innovative, potential ways to prevent it. He also discussed the center’s partnership with the Buzzards Bay Coalition to monitor local water quality and the susceptibility of salt marshes to nitrogen pollution and their vital role as buffers against sea level rise and coastal storms.