Bruce J. Peterson

Senior Scientist EmeritusBruce Peterson

Tel: 508-289-7484 | Fax: 508-457-1548
E-mail: peterson@mbl.edu

Ph.D., Cornell University, 1971
B.S., Bates College, 1967

Links: Full CV

 

 

Research Statement

The theme of my research is the general topic of aquatic productivity and biogeochemistry. I study the cycles of water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur at the process, ecosystem and global levels. The goal is to develop understanding of ecosystem behavior that is relevant to the management and prediction of ecosystem properties in the face of local and global change. Current research includes studies of the food web structure and biogeochemistry of Arctic streams and rivers, nitrogen cycling in headwater streams and estuaries, and the impacts of climate change on the freshwater cycle of the Arctic. Recently our research team discovered an increasing trend in river runoff from Eurasia to the Arctic Ocean that has important climate change implications. The thermohaline circulation of the global ocean is controlled in part by freshwater inputs to northern seas that regulate the strength of North Atlantic Deep Water formation by reducing surface seawater density. The observed and projected rates of increase in freshwater runoff could potentially disrupt ocean circulation if global temperatures rise by 3 to 4°C over this century as forecast by the IPCC 2001 report. In our current projects we are measuring the chemical signatures of major arctic rivers of North America and Eurasia in order to trace the circulation of these freshwater inputs in the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Discovering the sources of freshwater responsible for reducing the salinity of the North Atlantic Seas is one key to predicting the probability of climate change caused by shifts in the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation.

Publications of interest:

Hershey, A. E., Northington, R. M., Finlay, J. C., Peterson, B. J. 2017. Stable Isotopes in Stream Food Webs. Pp 21-36 in: Methods in Stream Ecology, Volume 2, Ecosystem Function.  Third Edition, Lamberti G. A., and Hauer, R. (Editors), Academic Press, London. 2017, 357 pp.

McClelland, J. W., Holmes, R. M., Peterson, B. J., Raymond, P. A., Striegl, R. G., Zhulidov, A. V., ….. Griffin, C. G.  2016. Particulate organic carbon and nitrogen export from major Arctic rivers.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30(5), 629-643. doi: 10.1002/2015GB005311

Bowden, W. B., Peterson, B. J., Deegan, L. A., Huryn, A. D., Benstead, J. P., Golden, H., Kendrick, M., Parker, S. M., Schuett, E., Vallino, J. J., and Hobbie, J. E. 2014. Ecology of Streams of the Toolik Region. Chapter 7 in Alaska’s Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra Streams and Lakes. Editors J. Hobbie and G. Kling.  Oxford University Press. 2014, 331pp.

Peterson, B. J., W. Wollheim, P. J. Mulholland, J. R. Webster, J. L. Meyer, J. L. Tank, N. B. Grimm, W. B. Bowden, H. M. Valett, A. E. Hershey, W. B. McDowell, W. K. Dodds, S. K. Hamilton, S. Angelo. 2001. Control of nitrogen export from watersheds by headwater streams. Science 292:86-90.

Peterson, B. J., R. M. Holmes, J. W. McClelland, C. J. Vörösmarty, R. B. Lammers, A. I. Shiklomanov, I. A. Shiklomanov, S. Rahmstorf. 2002. Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science 298: 2171-2173.

Peterson, B., J. McClelland, M. Holmes, R. Curry, J. Walsh and K. Aagaard. 2006. Trajectory Shifts in the Arctic and Subarctic Freshwater Cycle. Science 313: 1061-1066.

 

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