September 17, 2014

Nobel Laureates Affiliated with the MBL

All Laureates were awarded the Nobel Prize in the category of Medicine or Physiology with some exceptions: Isidor Rabi and Donald Glaser won prizes in Physics, and John Northrop, Wendall Stanley, Paul Berg, Sidney Altman, Roderick MacKinnon, Avram Hershko, Irwin Rose, Jens Skou, and Osamu Shimomura won prizes in Chemistry.

Nobel Prize at right: Awarded to Albert Szent-Gyorgyi in 1937.

image_prize_sm

 

Year  Name Field Contribution MBL Connection
2012 John B. Gurdon Physiology or Medicine For the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent Lecturer, Embryology (1965)
Lillie Fellow (Research Awardee) (1983)
Friday Evening Lecturer (1983)
Faculty, Embryology (1983, 1987)
Centennial Evening Lecturer (1988)
2009 Ada E. Yonath Chemistry For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome Independent Investigator (1969)
2008 Martin Chalfie Chemistry For the discovery and development of Green Fluorescent Protein Faculty, Neural Systems and Behavior (1983)
Lecturer, Biology of Parasitism (1991)
Lecturer, Neurobiology (2004)
2008 Osamu Shimomura Chemistry For the discovery and development of Green Fluorescent Protein Year Round Investigator (1981-2001)
Corporation Member (1988-)
Library Researcher (2002-)
2008 Roger Y. Tsien Chemistry For the discovery and development of Green Fluorescent Protein Faculty, Workshop on Plant and Animal Cell Microinjection Techniques (1988)
Faculty, Optical Microscopy & Imaging in the Biomedical Sciences (1989-1990)
Lecturer, Neurobiology (1997, 2000-2004)
2006 Roger D. Kornberg Chemistry Studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription Faculty, Physiology Course (1982)
2004 Avram Hershko Chemistry Discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation Corporation Member (1999-)
Fellowship recipient (1991, 1996)
Researcher (1991-)
2004 Irwin Rose Chemistry Discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation Library Researcher (1968)
Student, Embryology Course (1959)
2003 Roderick MacKinnon Chemistry For structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1986-87)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (2000)
2002 Sydney Brenner Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death Instructor, Physiology Course (1967-70)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1967-70)
Researcher (1967-70, 1988)
2002 H. Robert Horvitz Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death Faculty, Embryology Course (1984)
Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1982)
Instructor, Embryology Course (1982)
Instructor, Physiology Course (1986)
Lecturer, Neurobiology Course (1992, 2006)
2001 Leland Hartwell Physiology or Medicine Discovery of key regulators of the cell cycle Faculty, Physiology Course (1982)
2001 Tim Hunt Physiology or Medicine Discovery of cyclins, a group of proteins that regulated the cell division cycle Corporation Member (1991-2006)
Faculty, Embryology Course (1979-80, 1987)
Faculty, Physiology Course (1980-83, 2004)
Lecturer, Embryology Course (1977)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (2002, 2004)
Researcher (1985-86)
2000 Paul Greengard Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1985)
Research Assistant (1951)
Researcher (1968, 1987)
Student, Embryology Course (1950)
2000 Eric Kandel Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1981, 1985)
Faculty, Neural Systems and Behavior Course (1983)
Laboratory Staff (1984)
Lecturer, Neural Biology Course (1975)
Lecturer, Neural Systems and Behavior Course (1978)
Researcher (1975, 1979-83)
1997 Paul. D. Boyer Chemistry Discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase Researcher (1952)
1997 Jens C. Skou Chemistry Discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase Researcher (1953)
1995 Christiane Nusslein-Volhard Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning “the genetic control of early embryonic development” Faculty, Embryology Course (1983)
1995 Eric Wieschaus Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning “the genetic control of early embryonic development” Faculty, Physiology Course (2007)
Faculty, Embryology Course (1988, 2000-)
Student, Embryology Course (1969)
1991 Bert Sakmann Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1988-89)
1989 Sidney Altman Chemistry Discovery of catalytic properties of RNA Faculty, Physiology Course (1981, 1983)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1997)
1986 Stanley Cohen Physiology or Medicine Discovery of growth factors Instructor, Embryology (1977)
Researcher (1977)
1983 Barbara McClintock Physiology or Medicine Discoveries in genetics Student, Botany Course (1927)
1981 David Hubel Physiology or Medicine Processing of visual information by the brain Lecturer, Physiology Course (1971)
Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1979)
1981 Torsten Wiesel Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system Corporation Member (1999-2006)
Faculty, Neural Systems and Behavior Course (1983)
Faculty, Neurobiology Course (1980-82)
Lecturer, Neurobiology Course (1975, 1977-78)
Trustee (1999-2002)
1980 Paul Berg Chemistry Development of methods to map structure and function of DNA Library Researcher (1983)
1980 George D. Snell Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning “genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions.” Researcher (1928-29, 1933)
Student, Zoology Course (1927)
1976 D. Carlton Gajdusek Physiology or Medicine Discoveries concerning the origin and new mechanisms for the dissemination of infectious disease Student, Embryology Course (1942)
1975 David Baltimore Physiology or Medicine Interactions between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell Corporation Member (1996-2006)
Faculty, Physiology Course (1983)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1970)
Library Researcher (1979)
1975 Howard Temin Physiology or Medicine Interactions between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell Student, Physiology Course (1956)
1974 Albert Claude Physiology or Medicine Developed methods of separating and analyzing components of the cell Researcher (1938, 1941, 1945, 1948)
1969 Max Delbrïuck Replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses Researcher (1942)
1969 Salvador Luria Physiology or Medicine Replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses Corporation Member (1970-90)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1968, 1971, 1976)
Library Researcher (1952, 1970-72, 1985)
Researcher (1942)
1967 Keffer Hartline Physiology or Medicine Discoveries about chemical and physical visual processes in the eye Corporation Member (1936-82)
Instructor, Physiology Course (1927)
Researcher (1924-29, 1931, 1933-34, 1936)
Student, Physiology Course (1923)
1967 George Wald Physiology or Medicine Discoveries about chemical and physical visual processes in the eye Corporation Member (1940-96)
Instructor, Neurobiology Course (1974)
Instructor, Physiology Course (1947-55)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1963-65, 1967-68, 1970)
Researcher (1929, 1931, 1941, 1947-49, 1951, 1961-76)
Trustee (1948-55, 1961-68)
Trustee Emeriti (1977-97)
1964 Konrad Bloch Physiology or Medicine Mechanism and regulation of cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism Researcher (1954)
1963 John Eccles Physiology or Medicine Ionic Involvement in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve Corporation Member (1970-71)
Fellow (1968)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1969)
Researcher (1968-69)
1963 Alan Hodgkin Physiology or Medicine Ionic Involvement in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve Researcher (1938)
1963 Andrew Huxley Physiology or Medicine Ionic Involvement in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve Fellow (1953, 1966)
Researcher (1953, 1966)
1962 James Watson Physiology or Medicine Discovery concerning the molecular structure of DNA Instructor, Physiology Course (1954)
1960 Donald Glaser Physics Development of the bubble chamber Lecturer, Physiology (1966)
Library Researcher (1962)
Student, Physiology Course (1962)
1958 George Beadle Physiology or Medicine Genetic recombination and organization of the genetic material of bacteria Corporation Member (1937-50)
Researcher (1937)
1958 Joshua Lederberg Physiology or Medicine Genetic recombination and organization of the genetic material of bacteria Corporation Member (1956-)
Researcher (1947, 1954)
1954 Thomas H. Weller Physiology or Medicine discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue Faculty, Biology of Parasitism (1980)
1953 Fritz Lipmann Physiology or Medicine Coenzyme A and its role in intermediary metabolism Lecturer, Physiology Course (1973)
Researcher (1932)
1946 John Northrop Chemistry Preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in pure form Corporation Member (1938-53)
Researcher (1916-17, 1933-41, 1945-48)
Student, Embryology Course (1911)
Trustee (1939-50)
1946 Wendell Stanley Chemistry Preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in pure form Individual Investigator (1932, 1938)
1946 Hermann Muller Physiology or Medicine Production of mutations by x-irradiation Corporation Member (1918-33, 1942-59)
Researcher (1916-20, 1936, 1938)
Student, Embryology (1911)
1943 (Carl Peter) Henrik Dam Physiology or Medicine discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K Independent Investigator (1941)
1937 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi Physiology or Medicine Biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and fumaric acid catalysis. Consultant, Physiology Course (1951-72)
Corporation Member (1948-86)
Faculty, Ecology Course (1979)
Lecturer, Developmental Biology Course (1974-75, 1978)
Lecturer, Physiology Course (1964-65, 1967-71, 1978)
Researcher (1947-51, 1953-60, 1962-72, 1974-86)
Trustee (1953-60, 1962-63)
Trustee Emeritus (1964-86)
1936 Otto Loewi Physiology or Medicine Discovery relating to the chemical transmission of nerve impulses Consultant, Physiology Course (1948-56, 1960-61)
Corporation Member (1941-1961)
Library Researcher (1941-52, 1954-56)
Researcher (1940)
1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan Physiology or Medicine Role of the chromosome in heredity Corporation Member (1890-1895, 1899, 1906-1916, 1918-1945)
Instructor (1899)
Lecturer (1890, 1892-93)
Researcher (1890-93, 1899, 1901, 1903, 1906-1945)
Trustee (1897-02, 1906-36)
Trustee Emeritus (1937-45)
1931 Otto Warburg Physiology or Medicine Nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme Independent investigator (1949)
1922 Otto Meyerhof Physiology or Medicine Relationship between consumption of oxygen and metabolism of lactic acid in muscle Library Researcher (1942-49, 1951)
Researcher (1941)
1920 August Krogh Physiology or Medicine Discovery of capillary motor-regulating mechanism Researcher (1929)