Types of Sponsored Agreements

When the federal government or other entity decides to fund research or other sponsored activities, there are several different types of awards that can be used. Assistance awards (grants) allow the most flexibility. Procurement awards (contracts) tend to be more restrictive because they normally require specific deliverables.

Assistance Awards

Grants. Defined as assistance bestowed without expectation of any tangible deliverables other than a final report. It is the appropriate agreement to use in a relationship between the federal government and a recipient whenever:

  • The principle purpose is the transfer of money, property, services, or anything of value to the recipient in order to accomplish a public purpose of support, and
  • There is no substantial involvement anticipated between the government agency and the recipient during performance of the activity.

Cooperative Agreements. Defined as assistance that substantially involves the sponsor in the outcome of the research results. It is the appropriate agreement to use in a relationship between the federal government and a recipient whenever:

  • The principle purpose of the transfer of money, property, services, or anything of value to the recipient in order to accomplish a public purpose of support, and
  • There is substantial involvement anticipated between the government agency and the recipient during performance of the activity.

Procurement Awards

Contracts. Generally described as a procurement action. The sponsor is procuring research from the institution and acts as the technical overseer. It is the appropriate agreement to use in a relationship between the federal government and a recipient whenever:

  • The principle purpose of the agreement is for the government to acquire property or services for direct benefit and use of the federal government, and
  • There is substantial involvement between the governmental agency and the recipient during the performance of the activity. Process for Submitting Applications