Solved examples on word problems on multiplication.

**1.** For a school trip 6 buses were hired. Each bus carried 42
children. How many children went on the trip?

**Solution:**

**Step I.** Read and understand the word problem carefully.

**Step II.** Which operation is involved? Decide.

1 bus carries 42 children

Total number of buses __ × 6 children__

6 buses carry (6 times 42 children) __ 252 children__

So, 252 children went on the trip.

**2.** The product of two numbers is 96. If one number is 8,
find the other.

**Solution:**

**Step I.** Make the sum

**Step II.** Recall the facts about multiplication that each multiplication fact has two division facts.

Multiplicand × Multiplier = Product

________ × 8 = 96

Division fact for the multiplication fact. 96 ÷ 8 = 12

So, the other number is 12.

**3.** A fruit vendor packed 260 cherries in 1 box. He had 32
boxes with him. Find the total number of cherries in his boxes.

1 box carries cherries = 260 Total number of boxes = 32 32 boxes carry cherries = 260 × 32 So, 8320 cherries are there in 32 boxes. |
260 520 8320 |

**4.** A swimming pool is filled with 2067 litres of water. Find the water in 48 such swimming pools?

1 swimming pool has water = 2067 litres Total number of such swimming pools = 48 48 swimming pools will have water = 2067 × 48 litres So, 48 such swimming pools will have 99216 litres of water. |
2067 16536 99216 |

**Note:**

If we have to find the value of many items and the value of 1 of them is given, we multiply.

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