Full Name
Jerry M. Melillo

Distinguished Scientist

Jerry Melillo
Contact Information
Ph.D., Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1977
M.F.S., Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1972
M.A.T., Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, 1968
B.A., Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, 1965
MBL Affiliations
Research Area
Research Area

My research team focuses on understanding the impacts of human activities on the biogeochemistry of ecological systems using a combination of field studies and simulation modeling. Our field studies include two soil warming experiments at the Harvard Forest in central Massachusetts. We have developed and use a simulation model, the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM), to consider the impacts of various aspects of global change (climate, chemistry of the atmosphere and precipitation, land cover and land use) on the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems across the globe. TEM is part of the Integrated Global Systems Model, an integrated assessment model, based at MIT.

Research Projects

Harvard Forest LTER

Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling

Selected Publications

Melillo, J.M., S.D. Frey, K.M. DeAngelis, W. Werner, M.J. Bernard, F.P. Bowles, G. Pold, M.A. Knorr, A.S. Grandy. 2017. Long-term Pattern and Magnitude of Soil Carbon Feedback to the Climate System in a Warming World. Science. 358:101-105. DOI: 10.1126/science.aan2874

Melillo, J.M., X. Lu, D.W. Kicklighter. J. Reilly.,Y. Cai, A.P. Sokolov. 2016. Protected Areas’ Role in Climate-Change Mitigation. AMBIO. 45(2), 133-145. DOI 10.1007/s13280-015-0693-1.

Lu, X., D.W. Kicklighter, J.M. Melillo, J.M. Reilly. 2015. Land Carbon Sequestration within the Conterminous United States: Regional- and State-level Analyses. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 120 (2), 379-398. DOI: 10.1002/2014JG002818

Melillo, J.M., T.C. Richmond, and G.W. Yohe, Eds. 2014. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment. U.S. Global Change Research Program, 841 pp. doi:10.7930/J0Z31WJ2.

Frey, S.D., J. Lee, J.M. Melillo, J. Six. 2013. Soil Carbon Cycling: The temperature response of microbial efficiency and its feedback to climate. Nature Climate Change 3:395–398. doi:10.1038/nclimate1796.

Lu, X. D. Kicklighter, J.M. Melillo, P. Yang, B. Rosenzweig, C.J. Vörösmarty, B. Grossand R.J. Stewart. 2013. A Contemporary Carbon Balance for the Northeast Region of the United States. Environmental Science and Technology 47:13230-13238, doi: 10.1021/es4033097z.

Butler, S.M., J.M. Melillo, J.E. Johnson, J. Mohan, P.A. Steudler, H. Lux, E. Burrows, C.L. Varios, T.D. Hill, N. Aponte and F. Bowles. 2012. Soil warming changes the nitrogen cycle: Nitrogen-driven changes in species composition. Oecologia 168:819-828, doi: 10.1007/s00442-011-2133.

Reilly, J., J.M. Melillo, Y. Cai, D. Kicklighter, A. Gurgel, S. Paltsev, T. Cronin, A. Sokolov and A. Schlosser. 2012. Using land to mitigate climate change: Hitting the target, recognizing the tradeoffs. Environmental Science and Technology, doi: 10.1021/es2034729.